What is the statement or claim, and who is making it?
Are there other plausible explanations for the statement or claim (or event)?
- Natural casualty-all events can be traced to natural causes within our ability to understand.
- Uniformity in space and time--natural laws do not change with time or distance .
- Common perception--people view natural events in a similar manner. Common perception applies only to scientific study because it is limited to objective observations that produce reliable information. Common perception does not apply to subjective value systems that vary among individuals such as religious, moral, or cultural beliefs and personal views, or opinion.
Yes, Deductive Criminal Profiling and Behavior Analysis is a scientific endeavor because it uses the scientific method to draw conclusions based on known facts borne of objective observations, considered thought, accurate communication, skill, and experience. A criminal profile is derived from crime scene analysis, including physical evidence and Victimology, critical thinking, analytical logic, evidence dynamics, and other scientific principles used in forensics.
The scientific method is applied to these elements producing logical deductions that lead to well-reasoned conclusions about offender characteristics and behavior. Each offender characteristic is based on the premise that if the underlying facts and evidence are proven to be true, then so must be the logical conclusions arrived at by studying them. Imagine the effect bias, no matter how small, can have on making observations when evaluating evidence and other investigative tasks.
Those in law enforcement and related fields as well as those in other professions who work closely with the general public on an individual basis are taught to maintain an emotional distance from the people they interact with in order to be objective, thorough and accurate in the performance of their duty. Since these types of professionals often meet individuals experiencing trauma, or some other extremely personal or stressful event, great importance is placed on leaving ones emotions at the door.